Archive

“Mir Peremen” (“The World of Transformations”) archive

2020

№ 2 Contents Summary
№ 1 Contents Summary

2019

№ 3 Contents Summary
№ 2 Contents Summary
№ 1 Contents Summary

2018

№ 4 Contents Summary
№ 3 Contents Summary
№ 2 Contents Summary
№ 1 Contents Summary

 

“Mir Peremen” (“The World of Transformations”). 2020. N 2

 

Contents

To the Readers

R. Grinberg. What Will Be the New Model of Economic Development?

Globalization Dilemmas

Post-Pandemic World and Russia: New Reality? (MAEF-2020)

S. Bodrunov. On the Way to Noonomy: Man, Technology, Society

P. Raimondi. BRICS in the Face of the Global System Crisis

Transformation

G. W. Kolodko. The Great Chinese Transformation: from “The Third World” to “The First” one

I. Orlik . Central and Eastern Europe: Completion of Post-Socialist

Transformation

E. Kaloeva. How History Is Written under Post-Socialism

Economy

I. Novikova. Systemic Crisis of the World Economy or the Crisis of the System?

O. Karosa, A. Potemkin, M. Rothschild. How the Investment Sector is Holding Back the Growth of the Russian Economy

Social Sphere

J. Ogilvy. Universal Basic Income and Radical Populism

B. Nolan and D. Weisstanner. Universal Basic Income and the Pandemic: What Will Change?

Regional Communities

Interface of Integration Processes in Europe and in Asia (international scientific conference)

B. Islamov, D. Islamov, S. Primova. The Role and Place of Uzbekistan in the Implementation of the “One Belt – One Road” Initiative

J. Mladek. 30 Years Later: How the Visegrad Four Succeeded in Post-Socialist Transit

Culture

J. Toshchenko. The People Are Always Right, Even When They Are Wrong

L. Ensel. The Courage to Be a Juvenile, or Have the Courage not to Use Your Mind

By the Bookshelf

Institute’s of Economics RAS Publications on International Issues

Summary

R. Grinberg. What Will Be the New Model of Economic Development
COVID-19 pandemic has intensified the search for a new economic model for the contemporary world. Until recently the world had no doubts about what kind of economy was the most efficient – only market. Today all this is in question.

Post-Pandemic World and Russia: New Reality? (MAEF-2020).
Prominent Russian experts reflected on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the global political, economic and social situation, as well as how serious the economic crisis, caused by the virus, had affected the main areas of the Russian economy and social sphere.

S. Bodrunov. On the Way to Noonomy: Man, Technology, Society
The author analyzes the fundamental provisions of the concept of a new industrial society of the second generation (NIO.2) and noonomics, postulating the transition in the future to a new awareness of a person’s existence, values and tasks.

P. Raimondi. BRICS in the Face of the Global System Crisis
The author analyzes to what extent the BRICS member countries are ready to fend off the threats of a new global systemic crisis.

G. W. Kolodko. The Great Chinese Transformation: From “The Third World” to “The First”
In an era of irreversible globalization, the world’s economic and political rules of the game must take into account the growing importance of China. Necessary not to fight with it but pragmatically cooperate.

I. Orlik. Central and Eastern Europe: Completion of Post-Socialist Transformation
30 years ago the countries of Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) began an internal struggle to establish a socio-economic structure, as it seemed, according to the Western European model. Have they reached the coveted Western standards?

E. Kaloeva. How History is Written under Post-Socialism
“The politics of history” of each state contains two interrelated aspects, one of which consists in solving problems of domestic politics, and the other is important for the interpretation of international relations. The author analyzes to what extent this statement corresponds to the practice of different countries, united by their common socialist past.

I. Novikova. Systemic Crisis of the World Economy or the Crisis of the System?
The systemic crisis, about which economists talked for several decades, “suddenly” clearly manifested itself in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. The author explores what is the connection between these two phenomena? How and where can we find a place in these processes?

O. Karosa, A. Potemkin, M. Rothschild. How the Investment Sector is Holding Back the Growth of the Russian Economy
The modernization of the Russian economy, with the current mentality of Russian society and state investment development institutions, is very problematic. It will happen only when the state authorities really need a qualitative leap in economic growth.

J. Ogilvy. Universal Basic Income and Radical Populism
The protracted global economic crisis has highlighted the need for early implementation of collective and coordinated measures to overcome extreme poverty and to raise the income level of the poor to the average minimum. The author examines possible scenarios for overcoming class and economic inequality.

B. Nolan and D. Weisstanner. Universal Basic Income and the Pandemic: What Will Change?
T
he COVID-19 pandemic not only prompted the need to seek solutions to numerous urgent problems, but also demanded an answer to the question of how we would like to see the world after its end. The authors explore the question of what impact the current crisis might have on the debate over the UBI.

Interface of Integration Processes in Europe and in Asia (international scientific conference).
Participants focused on the political, economic and regional cooperation of integration associations of various types, primarily the Eurasian Economic Union and the European Union, as well as on their interaction with other partners in search of answers to the global challenges of our time.

B. Islamov, D. Islamov, S. Primova. The Role and Place of Uzbekistan in the Implementation of the “One Belt One Road” Initiative
The article examines the impact of China’s project “One Belt-One Way” on the development of transport infrastructure, trade, tourism and investment as well as on integration of the Uzbekistan into the world economy. On the whole, in the opinion of the authors, benefits for all participants will significantly prevail the risks.

J. Mladek. 30 Years Later: How the Visegrad Four Succeeded in Post-Socialist Transit
What transformation has the Visegrad Four gone through during this time, what are its relations with its closest neighbors and with major world powers, what place does it occupy in the European Union, what is its role in making key decisions within European politics?

J. Toshchenko. The People Are Always Right, Even When They Are Wrong
The author evaluates the events of the second half of the 1980s, which entered our history, as perestroika, using specific statistical data and the results of sociological surveys. He argues with those publicists who promote in the consciousness of society an exclusively personal assessment of those events.

L. Ensel. The Courage to Be a Juvenile, or Have the Courage Not to Use Your Mind
The author analyzes the “quality” and validity of decisions that are often made by political leaders, who prefer to live in an “alternative world” of personal perceptions.

“Mir Peremen” (“The World of Transformations”). 2020. N 1

Contents

Perestroika Initiator – 89 years

R. Grinberg. Ingratitude is the Reward of Peace

L. Shevtsova. He Gave us a Chance

A. Tsypko. Why the Freedom Granted is of little Value

Globalization Dilemmas

A. Kiva. The Post-War World Order

S. Orlov. Strategy for Russia in a Turbulent World

World Economic Situation and Prospects – 2020 (the UN Report)

Economy

T. Valeva. Bulgaria in Search

J. Kotyński. Poland’s Economy amid Turbulence in the Global Economy

L. Khodov. Electric Cars Are on the Offensive

Ukrainian Drama

V. Dergachev. Ukraine’s Economy today: Old Problems and New Challenges

V. Mironenko. A Year of Anger and Hope

Social Sphere

L. Vardomsky, T. Sokolova. Social Determinants of Eurasian Integration

I. Sinicyna. Social Orientation of  “Transit» Countries:

General and Special

Regional Communities

A. Shurubovich. Russian-Belarusian Integration Is at the Crossroads Again

J. Jensen, F. Miszlivetz. European Values, Culture and Identity at Stake 

Summary

R. Grinberg. Ingratitude is the Reward of Peace
The greatest politician of the twentieth century. In a few years you changed the course of history, gave us freedom that we did not deserve, freed the world from fear. Unfortunately, Russia could not stand the test of freedom, and the West could not stand the test of victory. But I know for sure that if democracy wins in our beloved Homeland, then you will be remembered as the person who initiated the construction of a society with a “human face”.

L. Shevtsova. He Gave us a Chance
Today it is difficult to believe that in our life there was a Gorbachev era. Were those Bolotnoye and Moscow “affairs” possible under him, as well as intimidation in the form of trials of  “The Network’ and of  “The New Greatness”, mockery of the Constitution, the annexation of Crimea and the war with Ukraine, confrontation with the West and Russia’s participation in a bloody Syrian adventure?

A. Tsypko. Why the Freedom Granted is of little Value
In Russian history, perestroika, or the restructuring of M. Gorbachev is a unique case when the autocratic power, contrary to tradition, renounces its sovereignty, or absolute power, so that the citizens of the country should become free. Let us try to isolate the philosophical meaning of perestroika, or the restructuring of M. Gorbachev as a historical accident. After all, we live in a country where, at first glance, the unthinkable becomes possible.

A. Kiva. The Post-War World Order
As the UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres figuratively put it, the “Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse” threaten the world. These are the highest geostrategic tension and the threat of nuclear war; growing global mistrust; climate crisis; “The Dark Side of the Digital World”, when new technologies are used for crimes, inciting of hatred, dissemination of false information.

S. Orlov. Strategy for Russia in a Turbulent World
Contemporary economy, at the beginning of the XXI-st century, is characterized by a distinctive imperative of long-term development, which was fully outlined shortly after the financial crisis of the years 2007–2008. The current world order requires reflection and consistent concretization of its distinctive and practically significant elements.

World Economic Situation and Prospects – 2020 (the UN Report)
Scientists, experts, teachers, lecturers having familiarized themselves with the main provisions of the report, expressed concern about the unfavorable situation in the world economy that has been developing for more than a year and about certain trends in its development, that are not optimistic. The following is an abridged transcript of the discussion.

T. Valeva. Bulgaria in Search of Reliance on Third Countries
In conditions of the unstable political, financial and economic situation, observed in the postcrisis years in the European Union, Bulgaria’s main political and economic partner, establishment and strengthening of contacts with Turkey and China contributes to an improvement of the country’s economic situation, especially in anticipation of new financial shocks, towards which the world market is moving .

J. Kotyński. Poland’s Economy amid Turbulence in the Global Economy
The paper is aimed at evaluation of general development trends of the global and European economy and their impact on Poland’s economy. Accelerated economic development of the emerging market economies and a rise of globalization were accompanied by profound structural transformations of the world economy and by some global shocks.

L. Khodov. Electric Cars Are on the Offensive
The automotive industry of manufacturing countries is undergoing fundamental changes. To replace diesel engines, gasoline engines come running on electricity from the batteries.

V. Dergachev. Ukraine’s Economy today: Old Problems and New Challenges
Ukraine, over the years of independence, turned from a subject into an object of world politics. The main feature of the “Ukrainian national hunt” is the choice of the target, under which it is beneficial to lie down – under the “Poles”, “Muscovites”, Europeans, Americans, Turks and other Basurmans. As a result, another Third Ruin came, leading to the loss of state.

V. Mironenko. A Year of Anger and Hope
Last year, 2019 in Ukraine, was marked by presidential and parliamentary elections. Called “The Electoral Revolution”, they, along with “The Orange Revolution” (2004) and with “The Revolution of Dignity” (2014), continued the period of political turbulence. At the same time, they can complete it by putting an end to the history of the Third Ukrainian Republic and putting forward the change of the political generation and of the socio-political model as urgent immediate tasks.

L. Vardomsky, T. Sokolova. Social Determinants of Eurasian Integration
By now, Eurasian integration has become an important factor in the socio-economic development of the participating countries. However, the integration process is not going as fast as planned, and its results do not quite suit the participants.

I. Sinicyna. Social Orientation of  “Transit” Countries: General and Special
Today, economic development increasingly depends on its social orientation. Therefore, it is extremely important to assess the social orientation of the economic models of “transit” countries, using the indicators of expenditures of state funds for the implementation of social activities, as well as of those social rights to receive benefits, formed during the transformation.

A. Shurubovich. Russian-Belarusian Integration Is at the Crossroads Again
December 8, 2019, marked the 20th anniversary of the signing of the Treaty on the Establishment of a Union State (US) by the presidents of Russia and Belarus, which is designed to give a powerful impetus to Russian-Belarusian integration and to contribute to the formation of the most advanced integration union in the Рost-Soviet space.

J. Jensen, F. Miszlivetz. European Values, Culture and Identity at Stake
The discussion of Europe in a global context usually concentrates on the EU and its active role in diplomacy, plus its shrinking relative size globally. The debate about Europe’s search for identity and role in a changing and uncertain world is characterized by conflicting demands of unity, nationalism, economic and social security, political stability and military realities. These conflicting demands are increasing as Europe tries to re-define itself and its place in the world.

“Mir Peremen” (“The World of Transformations”). 2019. N 3

Contents

To the Readers

R. Grinberg. Liberalism is in Crisis in the West and It is Discredited in Russia. Will We Enjoy the New Feudalism?

Transformation

Grz. W. Kolodko. Post-Communist Transition to Market and Democracy. The Lessons of Polish Experience

E. Kaloyeva. What do Leftists in the Balkans Think of Marx and Marxism after the Rejection of Communism

E. Pivovarova. 70 years of the PRC: from the Program of  “New Democracy” to the Creation of a “New Integrated Society”

Economy

V. Voloshin. Gas Transit from Russia to Europe through Ukraine as Apple of Discord

N. Stepanov. Structural Imbalance of the Chinese Initiative “One Belt – One Road’

Nguen Kuang Tkhuan. Globalization and its Impact on Vietnamese-Russian Relations

Politics

V. Sheinis. The Mysterious Face of the Future World

P. Foster. Dying Democracy in Hungary: “A Climate of Fear’

Social Sphere

P. Savchenko, M. Fedorova. Social and Labor Relations in Russia: Progress or Regression

T. Chubarova, E. Shestakova. State in the Social Sphere: Vectors of Change

IMF – 75 Years

M. Wulf. IMF Today and Tomorrow

Cr. Lagarde. Updating Bretton-Woods

Tooz. Rethinking of the IMF

Regional Communities

E. Sheinin. Financial Potential of the Investment Process in the Countries of Central and Eastern Europe

G. Chiodi. The European Union Economic Policies: When Theory does not Keep Up with Practice 

Summary

R. Grinberg. Liberalism is in Crisis in the West and It is Discredited in Russia. Will We Enjoy the New Feudalism?
A funny feature of the post-Soviet very and not very well-educated domestic intelligentsia is to sincerely think that it is as if different actors are pursuing foreign (good) and economic (bad) policies. For some reason, it is customary to ignore the fact that we have a leader of our nation that defines the tasks and actions of both.

Grz. W. Kolodko. Post-Communist Transition to Market and Democracy. The Lessons of Polish Experience
The idea of an appropriate strategy for Poland’s transition to market system was born for many years, although the ≪Strategy for Poland≫ – a multi-layered program of dynamic socio-economic development, built into the creation of social market economy institutions and structural reforms, and meeting the challenges of globalization – arose quickly, at the turn of the years 1993–1994. Politically, it was a medium-term program detailing the activities needed in 1994–1997, although outlining many tasks for the coming years. In economic terms, it was an attempt to take the long-term challenges.

E. Kaloyeva. What do Leftists in the Balkans Think of Marx and Marxism after the Rejection of Communism
The history of the left in the Balkans dates back more than one century. So, in Serbia it is associated with the name of S. Markovic (1846–1875). One of his closest associates was N. Pasic, whose Serb radical party initially wore a socialist character. In Serbia at that time there was no industrial society, and the economic ideas of K. Marx could not be applied to it, therefore, the Serbian left at the end of the XIX century preached, first of all, the moral values of socialism.

E. Pivovarova. 70 years of the PRC: from the Program of  “New Democracy” to the Creation of a “New Integrated Society”
In the ‘General program” of the People’s Political Advisory Council of China, adopted in September of 1949, it was noted that “the basic principle of the economic construction of the People’s Republic of China is the development of production and the creation of a prosperous economy, based on the policy of taking into account both public and personal interests, benefits, both labor and capital, mutual assistance between city and village and the development of trade turnover between different regions within the country and with the outside world”.

V. Voloshin. Gas Transit from Russia to Europe through Ukraine as Apple of Discord
The transit of Russian gas through Ukraine to Europe, in recent years, has been at the center of a triangle of energy cooperation between Russia, Europe and Ukraine. The current contract between “Gazprom’ and “Naftogaz Ukrainy”, which has been in force since 2009, expires on December 31, 2019, and so far no agreement has been reached on its extension.

N. Stepanov. Structural Imbalance of the Chinese Initiative “One Belt – One Road”
The relevance of this article is due to the fact that, for Russia today, the vector to the East is becoming the most priority direction of strategic development, but lately, in this region, China has been becoming one of the most influential participants, and Russia has little to do can do with such current situation. The prospects of the Russian state look vague against the backdrop of China’s  “One Belt – One Road” initiative.

Nguen Kuang Tkhuan. Globalization and its Impact on Vietnamese-Russian Relations
At present, globalization is characterized by new features, new trends with a very noticeable adjustment of the actors (actors) involved in this process, from international and regional institutions, transnational companies to individual countries and enterprises.

V. Sheinis. The Mysterious Face of the Future World
People tend to represent the future as a more or less similar repetition of the past. And the more the historical process accelerated, the more frequently their expectations turned out to be deceived.

P. Foster. Dying Democracy in Hungary: “A Climate of Fear”
When the Hungarian branch of the Union of European Federalists decided to meet and discuss the new challenges facing EU democracy, its secretary-general was expecting a spirited debate.

P. Savchenko, M. Fedorova. Social and Labor Relations in Russia: Progress or Regression
The article considers social and labor relations as an integrate unit of the socio-economic system, in which the functions of person as a subject of economy and society, subject of labor and working manpower interact; the convergence of the law of distribution on labor and the law of reimbursement labor costs, social justice and freedom, institutes of state and market regulation of the social-labor relations in Russia in the context of globalization.

T. Chubarova, E. Shestakova. State in the Social Sphere: Vectors of Change
One of the most contested topics in economic theory and practice is the determination of the optimal role of the state in modern society, respectively, the amount of goods and services that it is called upon d to provide to citizens, as well as the means necessary for this.

M. Wulf. International Monetary Fund Today and Tomorrow
The world is changing. And the IMF is changing with it. But the question is not only how it needs to change in order to remain meaningful. It is also in whether political conditions will allow it to maintain its significance.

Cr. Lagarde. Updating Bretton-Woods
The author expresses a desire to briefly share the history of the IMF and express certain thoughts about the future – your future! Seventy-five years ago, delegates from more than 40 countries met to agree on new rules for the global economy. Most delegates were from countries still affected by the conflagration of World War II. They promised to avoid the mistakes that led to this terrible conflict.

A. Tooz. Rethinking of the IMF
In 2007, on the eve of the global financial crisis, the IMF was an organization under siege. The economist Barry Eichengreen called him “an uncontrollable core drift in the sea of liquidity”. Mervyn King, then manager of the Bank of England, warned that the Fund risks “sink into obscurity”.

E. Sheinin. Financial Potential of the Investment Process in the Countries of Central and Eastern Europe
Sustained economic growth begins with the increased investments in the real sector of the economy. The financial opportunities of the investment process are determined by the totality of financial resources, which are available to the country’s economy and which it has at its disposal. Financial resources include all cash, allocated as investments in the real sector of the economy.

G. Chiodi. The European Union Economic Policies: When Theory does not Keep Up with Practice
The subtle hidden power of economic policies, pursued in the EU, is deeply rooted in the clearly “neutral” economic theory, underlying this policy, ultimately responsible for the economic and social problems that continue to plague most EU countries. At the same time, the subtlety of the political element, embedded in the basic economic theory, lies in the fact that it does not immediately, and subsequently, comes to the fore, being unrecognized for too long in literature and in public debates, moreover, by the majority of critics of the prevailing trend in the economy – which is the mainstream.

“Mir Peremen” (“The World of Transformations”). 2019. N 2

Contents

To Readers

R. Grinberg. “The Decline of Europe” Is Postponed Again. And that’s the Good News

Economy

V. Tanzi. Russia’s Transition from a Planned to a Market Economy: Is the Path on Potholes Justified?

Ya. Dubenetsky. How to Subordinate Finances to the Real Sector

A. Shurubovich. Digitalization of the Economy in Belarusian Style: How Did They Manage to Get Ahead of  “Big Brother”

E. Bukhwald. Vicious Duality of State Support for Small Businesses

Ukrainian Drama 

B. Shmelev. Russian-Ukrainian Relations after the Presidential Elections in Ukraine. Window of Opportunities or Continuation of Confrontation?

A. Tsipko. The Lessons of the Forced Ukrainization of the Former USSR

Yu. Pavlenko. Russian State before the «Ukrainian Challenge»

Politics

V. Sheynis. EU and Russia on the Threshold of Future Changes

Social Sphere

N. Goffe. International Migrants and the City: an Alliance of Convenience

Globalization

L. Vardomsky. Northern Sea Route as a Mechanism to Ensure Connectedness of Greater Eurasia

V. Arkhipova. “Greening” of the Global Financial System: Experience of China and Prospects for Russia

A. Novak. How to be an International Order?

Regional Communities 

B. Dallago. How to Overcome the Lack of Collective Responsibility in the Eurozone

At the Bookshelf 

Akimov. Foggy Prospects for BRICS

Summary

R. Grinberg. “The Decline of Europe” Is Postponed Again. And that’s the Good News
The reason for my current “To the Readers” became the regular elections to the European Parliament, held in late May in 28 European countries – members of the European Union. To this day, this event is discussed in our media and, especially in political shows on federal TV channels, albeit with decreasing intensity (in the format, as they say, ‘by the way had to”), but with nondecreasing sarcasm, addressed to the European Union.

V. Tanzi. Russia’s Transition from a Planned to a Market Economy: Is the Path on Potholes Justified?
The author of this article was born and raised in Italy. At the age of 20 he emigrated to the USA, where he studied economics and spent most of his professional life in a globally oriented environment, in the USA and in other countries. This environment allowed him to carefully observe some global changes, including the transition of Russia from a centralized planned economy to a market economy, which is the main topic of the article.

Ya. Dubenetsky. How to Subordinate Finances to the Real Sector
Obviously, there is no need to prove the truth that is clear for many objective analysts – Russia is on the threshold of an extremely acute socio-economic and, as a result, of the political situation. The main and all-encompassing, comprehensive reason for such a situation is the growing failure state of a large part of the production and of the technological sphere, its growing lag both from the country’s critical needs and from world levels.

A. Shurubovich. Digitalization of the Economy in Belarusian Style: How Did They Manage to Get Ahead of  “Big Brother”
In recent years, the legal framework for digitalization is being actively created, its infrastructure is being formed, the production and export of products of ICT sector (that is of the sector of Information and Communication Technologies) have being growing rapidly, and Belarus has been developing cooperation with partners in the EAEU in this area. In the near future, the republic intends to become a regional leader in the development of the most advanced areas of the digital economy.

E. Bukhwald. Vicious Duality of State Support for Small Businesses
“Launch” of a new series of national projects in 2018, to a certain extent, violated the logic of the formation of a strategic planning system in the country, which was designated after the adoption of the Federal “Law  On Strategic Planning in the Russian Federation”. The point is not even that in it there is no mention of national projects as a tool for strategic planning. The main problem lies in the lack of coordination of a number of the most significant strategic planning documents.

B. Shmelev Russian-Ukrainian Relations after the Presidential Elections in Ukraine. Window of Opportunities or Continuation of Confrontation?
The participants of “the round table meeting” focused on identifying opportunities for the withdrawal of relations between the two countries from the impasse, in which they are currently. It was about the nature of the compromise, as the most important prerequisite for overcoming the ‘cold war” between the two countries and about the reality of its achievement, about the fate of Donbass region, about the peculiarities of the formation of Ukrainian identity after the presidential elections, about the importance of economic factors in the approaches of Kiev and Moscow to each other, about the new nuances in Western policy to resolve the Ukrainian crisis.

A. Tsipko. The Lessons of the Forced Ukrainization of the Former USSR
The lessons of P. Poroshenko’s defeat in the presidential elections of 2019 are relevant for modern Russia. On extreme, on feelings caused by emergency, martial law, it is impossible to build a longterm state policy.

Yu. Pavlenko. Russian State before the ‘Ukrainian Challenge
Contemporary Russian-Ukrainian relations are a challenge for our country, which makes us think, draw the necessary conclusions and mobilize untapped development resources.

V. Sheynis. EU and Russia on the Threshold of Future Changes
It is impossible to know and to unmistakably build the future Each time it will be different from what was depicted in programs, fantasies and in anti-utopias. But the aspiration to look into the future – and, in accordance with an imaginary picture, to assert what it would be necessary to do and what should be resisted, – is overwhelming.

N. Goffe. International Migrants and the City: an Alliance of Convenience
Mass international migration is one of the most serious challenges of the global world that Western countries had to face. Using the fears of citizens, focusing on the negative aspects, associated with the influx of migrants, many national leaders seek to pursue a frankly populist and isolationist policy.

L. Vardomsky. Northern Sea Route as a Mechanism to Ensure Connectedness of Greater Eurasia
The renaissance of the Northern Sea Route, which began, in connection with the active exploitation of hydrocarbon deposits in the Arctic regions and on the shelf of the northern seas, is becoming a landmark phenomenon in the development of Russia. The country’s turn to the Arctic is being carried out energetically and purposefully, which reflects the rapid growth in the transportation of commercial goods along the Northern Sea Route.

V. Arkhipova. “Greening” of the Global Financial System: Experience of China and Prospects for Russia
Following the “green” economy, “green” finance is becoming increasingly popular. What is behind this concept? What are the causes and the driving motives of the phenomenon, described by him? What force acts as a locomotive of the relevant processes?

A. Novak. How to be an International Order?
The article deals with issues, related to the modern stage of globalization. It analyzes the main causes of the economic and social anti-liberal counter-revolution and emphasizes its influence on the emerging global economic order.

B. Dallago. How to Overcome the Lack of Collective Responsibility in the Eurozone
Since 2014 the European Union has tried to gain time by moving towards less austere fiscal stance and by increasing the use of flexibility that exists in the treaties and pacts. Even more important has been the supportive attitude and action of the European Central Bank.

“Mir Peremen” (“The World of Transformations”). 2019. N 1

Contents

To the Readers

R. Grinberg. Do Russians Want War?

Transformations

F. Fukuyama. Socialism Must Return

Sinitsina, N. Chudakova. Will Poland help the Nationalization of the Economy?

Kim Hyungkee. The Miracle and Crisis of the State of Development: The Drama of Korean Industrialization

Economy

V. Yasinsky, M. Kohzevnikov. The Peripetias of «the Turn of Russia to the East»

Herrmann-Pillath. The Blockade of Modernization. Utopian Revolutions of Property in Russia, 1917–2017

S. Chepel. Uzbekistan’s Economy at the beginning of Changes: Problems and Prospects

Social Sphere

L. Khodov. The Paradox of German Unemployment

Regional Communities

I. Orlik. Integration Trend of the Countries of CEE: from the CMEA to the European Union

Yu. Knyazev. Economic Differentiation of the Countries of Central and Eastern Europe

N. Feit. The Painful Search for Growth Drivers in Eastern Europe

Culture

A. Tsipko. Russia as an Empire Died Forever?

At the Bookshelf

L. Dukanich, D. Zhdanov. How to Predict and Regulate Economic Processes in Conditions of Uncertainty

Publications of Institute of Economics on International Issues (2018)

Academic Life

A. Kolganov. Is a Non-economic Future Waiting for Us? Shmelev Prize

Summary

R. Grinberg. Do Russians Want War?
Proponents of the thesis about the inevitability of the transition of the Cold War to the hot phase are of particular concern. It makes you want to call them violent adventurers, since they seriously believe that Russia will have to fight with the West.

F. Fukuyama. Socialism Must Return
The interview of the British journalist George Eaton with the author of “The End of History” contains revelations of Francis Fukuyama about what Karl Marx was right about competitors of liberal democracy and why he fears a war between the United States and China.

I. Sinitsina, N. Chudakova. Will Poland help the Nationalization of the Economy?
The new economic policy of the conservative party “Law and Justice” in Poland, carried out for three years, testifies to the right turn in politics and in the economy. In the economic sphere, this is expressed, in particular, in the complete rejection of privatization, in a return to the peculiar methods of nationalization, in attempts to oust foreign capital and in revising the economic functions of the state.

Kim Hyungkee. The Miracle and Crisis of the State of Development: The Drama of Korean Industrialization
This article aims to clarify the nature and causes of the miracle, crisis and transformation of the Korean Development State or the model of Korea. Since the 1970s, two major transformations have occurred in Korea. The second great transformation led to an unsustainable growth regime. The old model of Korea, the Korean-type state development model, decisively collapsed immediately after the 1997 financial crisis.

V. Yasinsky, M. Kohzevnikov. The Peripetias of  “the Turn of Russia to the East”
A few years ago, they began to actively talk in the country about the turn of Russia to the East. In this regard, the problems of the economic interaction of the Far Eastern region of Russia with Asian partners, primarily with China, were also actualized.

C. Herrmann-Pillath. The Blockade of Modernization. Utopian Revolutions of Property in Russia, 1917–2017
One hundred years after the Russian Revolution, we see many examples of the continuity of the history of the Tsarist empire and the Soviet Union. And it was only in the system of property relations that nationalization, as it seemed, led to a break with the past.

S. Chepel. Uzbekistan’s Economy at the beginning of Changes: Problems and Prospects
Starting from the second half of 2016, a large-scale economic reform began in Uzbekistan, aimed at eliminating barriers to the development of small business and the economy as a whole.

L. Khodov. The Paradox of German Unemployment
The beginning of the fourth industrial revolution and the recovery of the conjuncture, which is turning into economic growth in the Federal Republic of Germany, caused a paradoxical phenomenon: the number of unemployed with low and medium skills declined, but remained at a fairly high level – about 2 million people.

I. Orlik. Integration Trend of the CEE: from the CMEA to the European Union
70 years ago, in January of 1949, most of the countries of Central and Eastern Europe became participants in the creation of the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (CMEA). This was determined not only by the pan-European political situation, but also by their economic interests and by close ties with integration economic organizations. 40 years later, after the fall of the socialist system and the decay of the CMEA, its former members began their journey to another integration association – to the European Union.

Yu. Knyazev. Economic Differentiation of the Countries of Central and Eastern Europe
More than a quarter of a century after the start of systemic changes in the former socialist countries of Central and Eastern Europe, it can be stated that they are developing unevenly, despite their involvement in the pan-European integration.

N. Feit. The Painful Search for Growth Drivers in Eastern Europe
Changes in recent years in the pattern of economic growth in Central and Eastern Europe by increasing the role of national sources, primarily rising incomes of the population, have borne fruit. However, at the same time, there were risks of reducing the competitiveness of the economy and the occurrence of a crisis, provoked by a consumption boom.

A. Tsipko. Russia as an Empire Died Forever?
The current Russian-Ukrainian conflict found a dramatic regularity. The closer the people of the colony are in language to the people of the metropolis, to the state forming ethnos, the more they come together over the centuries of life together in the empire, the greater is their dislike for each other when the empire disintegrates and they begin to create an independent state.

“Mir Peremen” (“The World of Transformations”). 2018. N 4

Contents

To the Readers

R. Grinberg. Is a Humane Economy Possible? Lessons from Grzegorz Kolodko for the World and Russia

Transformations 

I. Angelov. Russia Needs Accelerated Catch-Up Economic Growth

Gr. W. Kolodko. Socialism with Chinese Characteristics or Corrupt Crony Capitalism?

M. Nuti. The Rise, Fall and Future of Socialism

Economy

M. Golovnin. Exchange Rate and External Shocks in the Russian Economy

Z. Kuznetsova. The Czech National Bank and Macroeconomic Stabilization

M. Borovy. Spin-Off as an Element of Stimulating the Innovativeness of the Polish Economy

Politics

T. Valeva. Bulgaria: EU, NATO and... Russia?

Yu. Knyazev. Macedonia: Development in Spite of Circumstances

Social Sphere

T. Sokolova. Post-Soviet States in the Captivity of Social Problems

E. Shestakova. Long-Term Human Care: the Problem of the State, Society or Family?

Regional Communities

Y. Demina. Integration in East Asia: Challenges for the Russian Far East

Globalization

S. Bodrunov. Hyperdevelopment of Financial Capital as a Global Civilizational Threat

Jomo Kwame Sundaram. Has Globalization Enhanced Development Cooperation of Poor Countries?

Academic Life

U. Ziyadullayev, Yu. Simonova. Strategic Development of the Economy of the Republic of Uzbekistan

Summary

R. Grinberg.  Is a Humane Economy Possible? Lessons from Grzegorz Kolodko for the World and Russia
In the conditions of general despondency and despair, people of hope and sober optimism take on special significance. They are few, but they are. And I know and I am even friends with one of them. This is Grzegorz Kolodko – a remarkable Polish economist and statesman, whose seventy-year anniversary will be celebrated in January of 2019.

I. Angelov. Russia Needs Accelerated Catch-Up Economic Growth
I support the policies of the President and the Government of the Russian Federation in a number of important areas: a large-scale revival of Russian statehood and defense capability; restoration of the political, military and moral prestige of Russia in the world; a growing rapprochement with China; efforts to normalize relations with the US and the EU, etc.

Gr. W. Kolodko. Socialism with Chinese Characteristics or Corrupt Crony Capitalism?
The example of the evolution of China, a country which accounts for nearly one-fifth of world production, according to PPP, contradicts traditional views for, at least, two reasons. First, if it is socialism, the elimination of deficiencies in its economy has been possible without changing the system. Secondly, if it is capitalism, then it can exist and economically really flourish without democracy.

D. M. Nuti. The Rise, Fall and Future of Socialism
Numerous problems of our planet caused by globalization, mass migration, infrastructure investments, robotics and artificial intelligence, climate change, environmental pollution and the need to preserve natural resources, as well as the problems facing EU member states and especially the eurozone cannot be solved under capitalism and require a transition to a new socialism.

M. Golovnin. Exchange Rate and External Shocks in the Russian Economy
The transition to the inflation targeting regime in combination with the free-floating exchange rate regime, significantly limited the ability of the Central Bank to regulate the latter. Meanwhile, in Russia, as in other countries with emerging markets, the exchange rate plays an important role in the system of macroeconomic interrelations.

Z. Kuznetsova. The Czech National Bank and Macroeconomic Stabilization
In the economics of countries with emerging markets, the debate about the role of the Central Bank in the general economic policy of the state does not abate. The practice of economic transformations in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe showed that countries, that actively used and now use government controls, made the greatest progress in the transition from a planned to a market economy.

M. Borovy. Spin-Off as an Element of Stimulating the Innovativeness of the Polish Economy
The main task of the Polish Responsible Development Strategy as an updated version of the National Development Strategy 2020 are stimulation and dynamics of innovative processes. Startups have become a tool for implementing the innovation policy of the country.

T. Valeva. Bulgaria: EU, NATO and... Russia?
Bulgaria’s relations with the EU, NATO and Russia began to acquire special urgency in the past year and a half, when Bulgarian citizens elected the new president of the country.

Yu. Knyazev. Macedonia: Development in Spite of Circumstances
Macedonia, which occupies one of the last places among the countries of Central and Eastern Europe, in terms of economic development, has been in this status for more than a quarter of a century of existence as an independent state. Invariably, being on one of the lower steps of the comparative rating, this country is, nevertheless, gradually moving towards progress.

T. Sokolova. Post-Soviet States in the Captivity of Social Problems
Long-term ignoring of the social component of development has led to the fact that the majority of the population of the Post-Soviet countries is forced not to live, but to survive.

E. Shestakova. Long-Term Human Care: the Problem of the State, Society or Family?
Improving the quality of life of the older generation in Russia is not only limited to the improvement of pensions, but also requires a radical modernization of the social protection system, improving the quality and expanding the range of medical care and long-term care services.

Y. Demina. Integration in East Asia: Challenges for the Russian Far East
The territorial proximity of the Russian Far East to the countries of the Asia-Pacific region in general, and to East Asia, in particular, determined the orientation of its foreign economic relations to this region. Currently, East Asia shows high growth rates of GDP, trade and investment flows and it is one of the centers of world politics.

S. Bodrunov. Hyperdevelopment of Financial Capital as a Global Civilizational Threat
One of the important features of the modern economy is the increasing financialization. Therefore, it is important to consider its evolution and peculiarities of institutional consolidation at various stages of its development, to assess the impact of financialization on material production and on the economic system as a whole, to determine the effects of the domination of the financial sector of the economy over the real one , and to show the nature of these effects.

Jomo Kwame Sundaram. Has Globalization Enhanced Development Cooperation of Poor Countries?
Protracted economic stagnation in rich countries continues to threaten the development prospects of poorer countries. Globalization and economic liberalization, over the last few decades, have integrated developing countries into the world economy, but now this very integration is becoming a threat as developing countries depend on the state of the economy of the rich world.

“Mir Peremen” (“The World of Transformations”). 2018. N 3

Contents

To the Readers

R. Grinberg. Pension Reform As a Regular Act of Self-Discrediting of Russian Liberalism

Transformation

E. Monczynska. The State in the Context of the Digital Revolution

G. Jacobs. The Political Economy of Neo-Liberalism and Illiberal Democracy

А. Kiva. China Strikes the World

Moscow Economy Forum – 2018 

Economic Philosophy of the future: Liberalism, Dirigisme, What Else?

Politics

I. Orlik. The Differentiation of Eastern Europe in a New Geopolitical Situation

I. Sinitsina, N. Chudakova. Ideologization of Foreign Policy of Poland

G. Toloraya. Missile and Nuclear Program of the DPRK: the Train Left out?

Globalization

V. Davydov. Latin America: Сhanging Milestones at Crossroads

Regional Communities

L. Fokina. Moldova: in Search of Foreign Economic Priorities

R. Ciampo. The New Development Bank of BRICS: Current Innovations and Challenges

P. Motta. BRICS 2018: Standby or Revival?

Culture

A. Malashenko. Religion in Politics: an Inferiority Complex and Megalomania

Buev, O. Bukhovets. State Monolingualism in the Post-Soviet Countries in the Light of Modern National Studies 

Academic Life

L. Vardomsky. Reflections on Great Eurasia

Summary

R. Grinberg. Pension Reform As a Regular Act of Self-Discrediting of Russian Liberalism
The reason for my reflections on the causes and consequences of  “the uncontestedness” of the economic course carried out since the beginning of the 1990s was the draft law on increasing the retirement age of the Russians. It can be designated as, perhaps, the most unpopular act in the series of so-called structural reforms, so beloved by our systemic and opposition intellectuals.

E. Monczynska. The State in the Context of the Digital Revolution
In today’s economy, the role of the state is particularly discussed, including its relationship with the market. Since the 1970s of the last century, most Western economies were based on the neo-liberal doctrine that the role of the state in the economy should be kept to a minimum.

G. Jacobs. The Political Economy of Neo-Liberalism and Illiberal Democracy
In the second part of the article, the author considers democracy as a concept and an operating principle of management of the society and of the state.

A. Kiva. China Strikes the World
This is the result of  “the economic miracle”, created by the Chinese through its own model of reforms; the initial orientation towards industrial-innovative development through a short stage of emphasis on the rise of agriculture; the skillful use of foreign capital; creation of equal conditions for the activities of different forms of ownership and encouragement of competition between them; regular rotation of senior management; well thought out foreign policy.

Economic Philosophy of the future: Liberalism, Dirigisme, What Else?
“Dead theory, my friend ...”  – with this textual phrase of Mephistopheles, the participants of the debate, whose title was taken to the headline and which took place within the framework of the MEF-2018 (3d of April of this year), are unlikely to agree. Without a modern rational economic theory, they believe, there can be no rational economic policy.

I. Orlik. The Differentiation of Eastern Europe in a New Geopolitical Situation
A sharp aggravation of relations in the second decade of the XXI century between Russia and the Western powers involved in this confrontation countries as well that are strictly geographically related to the region of Central and South-Eastern Europe.

I. Sinitsina, N. Chudakova. Ideologization of Foreign Policy of Poland
Having come to power, the right-wing conservative party “Law and Justice” declared the priority of Poland’s national interests over the interests of the EU, and the indoctrination (or the ideologization) of foreign policy intensified. The positions of the Visegrad group are being strengthened, the foreign policy doctrine of the “Three Seas” is being reanimated and resuscitated, relations between Poland and Germany have become more complicated, and the motivation for participation in the policy of the “Eastern Partnership” has decreased.

G. Toloraya. Missile and Nuclear Program of the DPRK: the Train Left out?
Now more than ever the nuclear program of the DPRK is being discussed a lot. After all, it seems that the agreement on “denuclearization of the Korean peninsula” was agreed upon at the meeting between D. Trump and the leader of the DPRK Kim Jongun. However, immediately after the Summit, doubts began to be expressed about the feasibility of such a scenario.

V. Davydov. Latin America: Сhanging Milestones at Crossroads
The current reality of Latin-Caribbean America (LCA) is not reduced to manifestations of regional features. It fully reflects the global realities as well, although sometimes in a transformed form. From this combination, a lot of lessons and cognitive analogies should be drawn that make it possible to better understand the historical conditionality of development, the prospect of its adaptation to the changing conditions of existence and coexistence in the world community.

L. Fokina. Moldova: in Search of Foreign Economic Priorities
Over the past 15 years, the Republic of Moldova continued to be defined with the priorities and vectors of the country’s development: European or Eurasian integration? Both these vectors have important economic and political aspects.

R. Ciampo. The New Development Bank of BRICS: Current Innovations and Challenges
The likelihood of an infrastructure gap and a lack of resources prompted governments of the countries of BRICS to create their own financial institution in 2015, that is the New Development Bank, the primary task of which was the coordination of various infrastructure needs, and supporting sustainable development as well.

P. Motta. BRICS 2018: Standby or Revival?
After the ninth BRICS Summit, held in Xiamen (China) in September of 2017, important events took place in the world that had a significant impact on the original BRICS program of activities, as presented in the final declaration.

A. Malashenko. Religion in Politics: an Inferiority Complex and Megalomania
All religions are similar to each other, because they are based on an irrational beginning, and that is on faith. Belief in God or in gods. Without faith, there is no religion. There is religion without faith. It is clear that to assert this, therefore, means to challenge the clergy, the giant corporation of clergymen, or priests.

A. Buev, O. Bukhovets. State Monolingualism in the Post-Soviet Countries in the Light of Modern National Studies
How to assess the costs and risks of politicizing the role of language in the states, that inherited the USSR? How can we forecast the risks and dangers to their development, stemming from the ethnic policies of power elites? To answer these questions, it is useful to get acquainted with the “Belarusian phenomenon” of state bilingualism, i.e. to consider state monolingualism in the Post-Soviet countries, in the context of the experience of those states, in which there are two or more official state languages.

“Mir Peremen” (“The World of Transformations”). 2018. N 2

Contents

To the Readers

R. Grinberg. When Marx Returns

Moscow Economy Forum – 2018

The Future of Russia: Challenges, Strategies, Mechanisms for Achieving Successes

The Global World under the Conditions of Radical Changes: Risks and Chances

Transformation

Gr. W. Kolodko. What is Capitalism and what is Socialism?

V. Kashin. What Is: Lacking in «The Development Strategies»

Economy

Yu. Knyazev. Economic Recovery of Slovenia

M. Sokolov. Tax Reform of D. Trump: Moving along the Rate of Acceleration

Politics

A. Tsypko. Russian Insanity of the End and the Edge Is Not Present

P. Krugman. What’s the Matter with Europe?

Ukrainian Drama

B. Shmelev. The Ukrainian Crisis and the Policy of Russia

Social Sphere

V. Sautkina. On the Way to Personalized Medicine: Opportunities, Risks and Limitations

Globalization

L. Khodov. Problems of a Colony Covered with Ice

Regional Communities

L. Vardomsky. On the Dynamics of Transit Transportations of the Countries of the EAEU

A. Shurubovich. International Transit in the Economic Model of Belarus

Summary

R. Grinberg. When Marx returns
In today’s Russia they did not pay much attention to the 200th anniversary of Karl Marx, while in Europe and China it was given very serious significance.. There, both the public and the power structures, are very concerned about the current situation in the world, which seems to have once again found himself in a historical impasse.

The Future of Russia: Challenges, Strategies, Mechanisms for Achieving Successes
Russia, possessing great creative traditions, having rich experience of industrial and agricultural production, having fundamental scientific achievements, has made a significant contribution to the evolution of humanity. However, in recent decades, the development of the country can not but cause concern.

The Global World under the Conditions of Radical Changes: Risks and Chances
Under this title the topic was discussed in the second plenary discussion. In the world of numerous changes and collisions, as it was emphasized by its participants, it is important to preserve and to consolidate the good mutually beneficial relations of countries and peoples, to jointly respond to the challenges of our time, to protect the planet from nuclear war and from local conflicts, to preserve its nature from predatory looting, to make the benefits of globalization available for all, not just for the “golden billion”

Gr. W. Kolodko. What is Capitalism and What is Socialism?
A lot was written about capitalism and socialism. There is no need to review literature on this subject, although it should be noted that, throughout the period, when the corresponding systems coexisted and opposed each other, i.e. during most of the twentieth century, these terms were attributed various meanings, especially in the course of intellectual, scientific, ideological and political debates.

V. Kashin. What Is: Lacking in “The Development Strategies’
Our government has a lot of strategies, all kinds and different. There is even a special law – on strategic planning. There are – at least on paper – the authorities as well, which are responsible for the relevant work.

Yu. Knyazev. Economic Recovery of Slovenia
Iridescent, optimistic assessments of the experience of the most developed state among the post-socialist countries as a leader of the region have been replaced by a post-crisis analysis of the causes of the deepest economic recession and deterioration in the social security of citizens during the period of the forced policy of austerity.

M. Sokolov. Tax reform of D. Trump: moving along the Rate of Acceleration
The article analyzes the impact of tax reforms, conducted in the USA in the last four decades, on the development of its economy. It is concluded that tax reforms have led to revolutionary transformations in the processes of reproduction of capital.

A. Tsypko. Russian Insanity of the End and the Edge Is Not Present
The reasons for the new “Cold War”, which led to a sharp deterioration in relations between Russia and the USA, are qualitatively different from the causes of the ‘Cold War” with the USSR.

P. Krugman. What’s the Matter with Europe?
If you had to identify a place and time where the humanitarian dream – the vision of a society offering decent life to all its members – came closest to realization, that place and time would surely be Western Europe in the six decades after World War II.

B. Shmelev. The Ukrainian Crisis and the Policy of Russia
Ukraine remains one of the hot topics of world politics and is still, like a fire-bearer, ready to undermine the already unstable relations between Russia and the West at any time. What has become of “the fraternal friendship” of the two Slavic peoples, where to their “single economic complex” has sunk, and why is the civil war in the Donbass burning? “Mir Peremen” (“The World of Transformations”) talks with the well-known political scientist B. Shmelev.

V. Sautkina. On the Way to Personalized Medicine: Opportunities, Risks and Limitations
The rapid rise in the cost of medical services around the world has significantly exacerbated the problem of the effectiveness of national health systems. In this connection, a new approach to the development of the industry has been outlined, which implies a large-scale transition to personalized medicine.

L. Khodov. Problems of a Colony Covered with Ice
The island of Greenland in the Far North of the Atlantic Ocean, an area of 2,175,600 km2 is an autonomous region of the Danish Kingdom, and it is home to 65 thousand people. They are basically Eskimos. Over the past 30–40 years, the number of Europeans, who moved to the island to take up permanent residence, has increased.

L. Vardomsky. On the Dynamics of Transit Transportations of the Countries of the EAEU
The article analyzes transit in the countries of the Eurasian Economic Union, which significantly changed its structure during the years of their sovereign existence.

A. Shurubovich. International transit in the Economic Model of Belarus
For the Republic of Belarus, which has an advantageous geographical position in the center of Europe at the crossroads of international trade routes and a developed transport infrastructure, transit traffic is an important factor in the development of the economy and in the enhancement of the country’s role in the world economy.

“Mir Peremen” (“The World of Transformations”). 2018. N 1

Contents

To the Readers

 R. Grinberg. Jubilee of a Lost Chance

Transformation

G. Jacobs. The Political Economy of Neo-Liberalism and Illiberal Democracy

P. Savchenko, M. Fedorova. Convergence As a Model for the Development of the Socio-Economic System

Economy

E. Bukhwald. Small Business As a Factor for Economic Recovery of Russia’s Single-Industry Towns

B. Lapidus, D. Macheret. Promising Network of High-Speed Highways Is a Tool for the Transition to Innovative Leadership

A. Karavaev. Azerbaijan in International Transport Corridors

Politics

I. Orlik. Central-Eastern Europe: from Euphoria to Skepticism

F. Manenti. Where does Competition between China and India Leads to?

O. Stuenkel. International Politics in 2018: Ten Predictions

Social Sphere

A. Sedlov. Russian Labor Market: Features of Eastern and Western Migration

R. Savio. Billionaires, Fiscal Paradise, the World’s Debt, and the Victims

Regional Communities

N. Feit. Foreign Economic Relations of the CEE Countries: Acquisition and Loss

E. Sheinin. The Investment Process and the Economic Growth in CEE

V. Dergachev. The European Experience of Regional Policy

At the Bookshelf

A. Veber. The Formation of a Global Peace: What Next?

Publication of the Institute of Economics on International Issues in 2017.

Academic Life

L. Kosikova. Russia in Global and Regional Transformation Processes

Summary

 

R. Grinberg. Jubilee of a Lost Chance
The current calendar can be called a jubilee for eternally alluring Russia dreams of freedom and justice. We are talking about the legendary “Prague Spring’, whether half-forgotten or semi-prohibited for the high-profile mentioning of hybrid wars in our troubled times , of titanic television battles with the “fifth column”, of spiritual “braces” and, suddenly, of more frequent squabbles on the topic of sexual harassments. Then, 50 years ago, the whole world was closely watching the radical social changes, which were unfolding in the socialist Czechoslovakia, and which were interrupted at the very height of reforms.

G. Jacobs. The Political Economy of Neo-Liberalism and Illiberal Democracy
As is known, the world develops far nonlinearly. Often society, once having rejected those or other doctrines, theories, strategies of its functioning, returns to them in one form or another on a new spiral turn. Something similar happens, in the opinion of the famous scientist and public figure G. Jacobs, with neo-liberalism – the dominant world view of the last third of the XXth century.

P. Savchenko, M. Fedorova. Convergence As a Model for the Development of the Socio-Economic System
When post-socialist countries, at the turn of the 1990s, began to change the social system, they had to choose some kind of development model. Some rejected all the imperatives of socialism and put on the free market. Others decided to combine state regulation and market self-regulation, individual freedom and social justice in the economy and in the society. It appears seems that the convergent model of the development and modernization of the socio-economic system, has proved promising, since in its center, it turned out to be a man.

E. Bukhwald. Small Business As a Factor for Economic Recovery of Russia’s Single-Industry Towns
The current stage of the state policy of development and support of small and mediumsized businesses is characterized by a shift from the ideology of welfare and the achievement of a general expansion of the sphere of small and medium-sized businesses in the Russian economy to an attempt to use already sufficiently strengthened small forms of management in order to solve specific economic and social tasks in the country. Among these tasks is the restoration of mono-cities.

B. Lapidus, D. Macheret. A Promising Network of High-Speed Highways Is a Tool for the Transition to Innovative Leadership
In the article, based on the analysis of global social and economic trends, a conclusion was drawn on the need for cardinal acceleration of the transport of goods and passengers and the expediency of creating a network of high-speed lines, using vacuum-levitation technologies, to solve this problem. Taking into account the analysis of historical experience, it is justified that, in order to avoid inefficient costs, it is necessary to build a perspective topology of such a transport network. A concrete variant of the perspective topology of the network of vacuum-levitational highways and high speed railway in Russia is proposed.

A. Karavaev. Azerbaijan in International Transport Corridors
Transport is the most important direction and driving force of globalization and regional economic integration. This maximum is true for Azerbaijan. The current attention of the authorities of the country to transport communications and to transit of goods, is determined, first of all, by a decrease in the volume of revenues from oil and gas projects, and by the aspiration and by the desire to diversify sources of economic growth.

I. Orlik. Central-Eastern Europe: from Euphoria to Skepticism
The development of socio-political and economic life in CEE, in the first years of the XXI century, did not foreshadow disturbing prospects. On the contrary, in 1989–1991 years. the process of transformation began, and then it continued. The European integration, one by one, absorbed post-socialist countries, which, after having got fed from the European Union, and, after having received recharge from them, began to strengthen their economies. True, the crisis of 2008–2010. somewhat violated this process, but did not seriously affect the stability achieved.

F. Manenti. Where does Competition Between China and India Leads to?
BRICS, as one of the most influential international forums, constantly attracts the attention of researchers studying certain innovations within the framework of the bloc, as well as the state of relations between its members. F. Manenti analyzes the causes of the uneasy relations between China and India and the possibility of finding a balance of their competitive interests.

O. Stuenkel. International Politics in 2018: Ten Predictions
Predictions in our time are not uncommon, and besides, in different areas. Especially their number increases at the turn of the years. Today we present to our readers the expectations of the famous Latin American foreign policy researcher of Brazil, India and China and their impact on the global governance in the coming year.

A. Sedlov.Russian Labor Market: Features of Eastern and Western Migration
When many decisions are made in the sphere of regulating the movement of labor, the impact on the economy of decisions and political transformations is often overestimated. Beyond any doubt,, the state restrictions, the sanctions war with the West, the European migration crisis, the political reorientation of a number of CIS countries significantly influence the integration of the Russian labor market. At the same time, the change in the scale and in the dynamics of migration processes, is primarily objective in nature.

R. Savio. Billionaires, Fiscal Paradise, the World’s Debt, and the Victims
Among Bloomberg’s many profitable activities is a convenient Bloomberg Billionaires Index that has just published its findings for 2017. It covers only the 500 richest people, and it proudly announces that they increased their wealth by 1 trillion dollars in just one year. Their fortunes went up by 23% to top comfortable 5 trillion dollars (to put this in perspective, the US budget is now at 3.7 trillion.) That obviously means an equivalent reduction for the rest of the population, which lost those trillion dollars. What is not widely known is that the amount of the circulation of money stays the same; no new money is printed to accommodate the 500 richest billionaires!

N. Feit. Foreign Economic Relations of the CEE Countries: Acquisition and Loss
At present, the CEE countries are experiencing the consequences of geopolitical and economic instability, provoked by the global financial and economic crisis and by the further exacerbation of the problems of global and European economies. The policy of sanctions against Russia, initiated by the West, makes the “New Europeans” its active participants, compelled and forced to comply with the principles of EU membership.

E. Sheinin. The Investment Process and the Economic Growth in CEE
The countries of Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) face difficult challenges in ensuring sustainable economic growth. Their solution, to a large extent, depends on achieving high rates of increase in investment in fixed assets, on raising the rate of investment in GDP. This article is devoted to the study of the role of investments in economic growth, to the assessment of the resource potential of investments, to the importance of foreign direct investments for the economies of the countries of the region.

V. Dergachev. The European Experience of Regional Policy
In Europe in recent decades, regionalization is actively developing. The modern European regionalism differs from traditional by openness, by formation “from below”, by participation of non-state and sub-national subjects. The advantage in competitiveness is given to regions and territorial communities, where local sociocultural communications are taken into account, most of all.